Mini mill, maximum benefits for Cargill and food security in Zambia

New small maize milling plant supports food security in Zambia
By: Lori Fligge (Originally published at Cargill)

Mini Mill, Zambia

Mini Mill, Zambia

Maize is a staple food in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, including Zambia, which produced about 3.4 million tonnes of the crop in 2014. It is widely used to make mealie-meal – finely ground maize made into flour – that consumers depend on for an array of traditional dishes.
For a variety of production-related reasons – including the cost of milling and transportation – mealie-meal prices are volatile, making it unaffordable for consumers in much of the country. To address this, the Zambian government is encouraging smaller, more localized mills to improve food security by reducing the cost of food.
Cargill has responded to this need with the launch of the first commercial maize mini mill in the Eastern Province of Zambia.
Located in the capital city of Chipata, this accessible mill will provide local rural and urban farmers with a reliable, consistent market for their maize, as well as produce competitively priced mealie-meal for consumers.
“This new maize mini mill underscores our commitment to the economic growth and prosperity of Zambia,” said Lezanne van Zyl, Cargill’s general manager in the country. “It aligns strongly with the Zambian government’s clearly stated desire to develop a thriving agricultural sector.”
According to van Zyl, the mill will produce high quality white and roller maize meal for the domestic market, including Cargill’s in-house brand that will be available in 5kg, 10kg and 25kg bags.
The U.S. $2 million high technology mini mill has a milling capacity of 2mt/hour, and offers a distinct advantage in the maize meal market in Chipata and the surrounding areas.
“As the mill will source local maize and produce mealie-meal right in in Chipata, transport and fuel costs will be reduced and Cargill will be able to offer a competitively priced product,” said van Zyl.
Over the next few years, Cargill plans to build additional mini mills in other rural locations in Eastern and Muchinga provinces.
“By bringing these mills into rural areas where maize is produced, we hope to target high food costs and food insecurity,” said van Zyl. “In addition, the mills will provide the local community with opportunities for employment and access to skills training. It’s a fine example of how a small facility can yield some pretty big results.”

GRAPAS 2014 Programme

GRAPAS took place last week with over 100 registered attendees in Bangkok, Thailand. Roger Gilbert, owner and publisher of the International Milling Directory again chaired the bi-annual conference. This took place alongside Victam Asia and was also the forum for the GRAPAS award. Rice, wheat and flour milling were all discussed with real enthusiasm and purpose and all reports and feedback has been very positive indeed.0673

 

The programme of the recent conference is below.

 
[scribd id=218564768 key=key-2jx4t11ciiw3b0r0khev mode=scroll]

133.6kg/capita – Setting a global benchmark for feed production — Roger Gilbert

Roger Gilbert was invited to participate on the recent round of VIV Roadshows, speaking in Abuja, Nigeria at the beginning of January 2014 and more recently at the IPPE’s VIV Pig Production Summit USA. His topic was: ‘The role of a robust compound feed to meet the needs of a growing world population’ and based on survey results from Alltech’s feed survey showing world production in 2013 at 963 million tonnes. 

Roger Gilbert

Roger Gilbert

Looking at production statistics and population figures in isolation does not provide us with a clear view of where we have come from and where we are likely to end up in a world that is being challenged to feed itself adequately.

Static figures do not encourage us to address issues that are looming.
I’m of the view that information is knowledge, knowledge brings responsibility, and together provides us with influence and power to bring about change. If we ‘know’ we have a responsibility to ‘act’.

Nigeria represents one of the few countries on the planet that is adding substantially and significantly to its population base. In the next decade it is projected by the US Census Bureau to add 50 million people to its current 177 million population base and by 2050 challenge the USA for the third most populated country at just under 400 million people! It’s an issue that our industry, and the food industry in general – both in Nigeria and globally – will have to address.

Nigeria is just one example, an extreme one, of what is likely to happen in developing countries over the next 35 years.

However, there is good news for Africa. From the FAO, and surveying the first 12 years of the 21st century, Africa IS increasing its production of foodstuffs faster than anywhere else on the planet. The area being harvested is increasing at twice the rate of that of any other region while two regions – the Americas and Europe – show no increase in area harvested at all.

Product quality is also improving at the fastest rate in this region while yield increases are matching those being achieved in the America and Asia.

Click to expand
Nigeria population growth

While world food production growth is increasing on average at 2.1 percent per year, Africa is moving ahead at 3.5 percent – and Nigeria is in amongst the countries achieve these higher-than-average increases.

Food consumption per capita based on an index of 2004-06, shows Africa achieving the fastest and most sustained growth rising from 78kg/head to 117kg/head since 1992.

As we are addressing compound feed production it is interesting to see what is happening to the consumption of meat and eggs. Total food supply has doubled in that period to 1.4 million tonnes and per capita consumption of meat up from 7.4kg/head to almost 9kg/head.

That in fact, highlights the next point I wish to make. How can ‘meat’ supply double yet per head consumption rise by less than 20%? The answer is straightforward – population increase. And that is why grams/day consumption of ‘meat’ products (in protein and fat terms) has largely stagnated in Nigeria since 1997.

Click to expand
Nigeria population growth

By comparison world food supply has also shown a steady upward trend, increasing by almost 1/5th over a 20 year period.

However, in contrast to that, world per capita consumption has fallen from a high of 151kg on average to 146.5kg. No much you might think in terms of total weight, but the additional population over that period is having an impact and we are likely to see this downward trend continue.

And based on consumption per person, the supply of protein in our diets is showing a steady decline as well. On average we are consuming a gram less protein per person per day. Again not significant you might think, but highlights an ongoing tend that can only accelerate.

Fat consumption on the other hand remains relatively unchanged, at between 5.9-6g/head per day. Possibly reflecting the tremendous increase in palm production throughout Asia over recent decades.

Population pyramids

I want to show here how developing country populations are going to increase – again based on figures from the US Census Bureau. I have compared them to the country I live in – the UK – for comparison. You’ll notice that Nigeria has a wider population base compared to the UK (which given the total difference in numbers, is only natural). Also, the UK shows a ‘bulge’ in the 40-60 year olds groups due in part to the baby boomers following the Second World War. What is also evident is the increased number of people living longer in the UK than their counterparts in Nigeria.

As we move ahead through time – to 2030 – the Nigerian population base has widened by an additional 8-10 million births in the 0-4 age group (with a total of 38 million) while the shape of the pyramid remains the same; and with no more people living longer. In the UK on the other hand the population base has remained largely unchanged while even more people are living longer.

Click to expand
World food supply

Finally, by 2050, the year in which it’s calculated the world will reach 9.5 billion people on the planet, and before stabalising at around 10 billion for the remainder of the century, Nigeria, while maintaining its pyramid shape, will once more see its population base expand, this time adding almost 70 million people in one-to-four year olds!  Again the UK is largely unchanged with a static population base.

These are in general the two key trends that differenciate between today’s developed countries and those ‘developing’.

Global feed production

I’m basing my comments on the latest Alltech Survey 2013 which provides output figures up until December 2013: the most comprehensive available for our industry worldwide and which we should be grateful to have.

The world currently manufacturers annually just under a billion metric tonnes of compounded or formulated animal feed. These feed statistics were collected by 600 Alltech staff from 130 countries involving 28,196 feedmills. Note: Numbers for less developed countries may be less accurate; but that will have little influence on overall dataset.

The top 10 countries in descending order of output are: China, USA, Brazil, Mexico, Spain, India, Russia, Japan, Germany and France which account for 611 million tonnes or two-thirds of world production.

Click to expand
global feed
production 2013

Poultry, which includes layers, broilers, turkeys and others, account for 444.4 million tonnes of feeds while pigs account for 242.8 million tonnes and ruminants – dairy, beef, calves and others – 195.6 million tonnes.

Key survey findings include:

  • China leading producer at 189 million tons
  • Asia leading overall region with 348 million
  • US and Brazil 2nd and 3rd largest countries
  • Africa fastest growing region; up 7%
  • Middle East has largest feed mills by annual production

Other key findings:

  • Poultry still the leading species
  • 46% of all feed is poultry feed, 61% of that is for broilers
  • 444.4 million tons fed to poultry worldwide
  • Aqua experienced fastest growth up 17% over 2012 – exceeded 40 million tons.
  • Pig feed production increased 11% (esp. China)
  • Pet food up slightly, Equine up 14%
  • Ruminant feed production declined 20%
  • Decline in both Beef and Dairy
  • Able to switch to forages when grain prices high
Click to expand
Global feed production 2013

The 16 important countries in terms of feed production are ranked in the bar chart above because I want to make the point that countries producing more feed do not necessarily have more feedmills. In fact, this chart is ranked by countries on the left with the least feed mills to the most on the right. And what is really interesting is that the average production from feedmills is not too dissimilar between countries and between regions at 30,000-60,000 tonnes per year.

A developing country’s prospects

Nigeria ranks 54 out of the 133 countries surveyed, in terms of total formulated feed production at 1.9 million tonnes (this does not include home-produced feeds or feeding straights or unformulated feeds). I’d like to extrapolate some figures from the information presented and raise a question or two for you to ponder.

  1. What are the populations of other countries producing a similar amount of feed to Nigeria?
  2. How much feed is being produced by those countries with similar populations?

The reason I ask these questions is that I believe there is a correlation between the volume of compound feed produced in a country and the ability of that country to feed its population adequately.

And I have identified a ‘benchmark’ that I believe all countries need to exceed in order to claim they are providing the nutritional requirements for their populations.

As FAO and other UN organisations, including their associated NGOs, demonstrate safe and affordable food supply is not the responsibility of those with commercial interests alone to fulfill; there is a need for governments to assume responsibility in ensuring food is produced in volumes that are safe and affordable for all.

Click to expand
Global feed production 2013

Here, I show Nigeria’s total population in 2014 alongside the volume in tonnes of its compound feed production (just under 2 million tonnes). I’ve compared that to other countries producing approximately two million tonnes of compound feed and show here the populations those countries feed.

If my proposal has any substance, then the people of Bosnia will be enjoying a healthy diet of livestock and fish products than their counterparts in Sweden or Czech Republic. Or they are enjoying healthier incomes from export sales.

When comparing Nigeria’s 177 million population of today with similarly populated countries we can compare their compound feed production; it is quickly evident that Nigeria is faring no better than Bangladesh and is a long way behind a country like Brazil.

For every Nigerian to enjoy the ‘world average’ supply of animal proteins based on compound feed, then the Nigerian Feed Industry has to rise to the challenge and lift production from 1.9 million tonnes to 23.6 million tonnes annually: over a 10-fold increase on what it is producing now.
Give our industry a chance

Click to expand
Top ten countries

I believe that scientifically-formulated compound feeds offer the solution to this world feeding itself adequately by 2050.

We not only have to meet the future needs of humans arriving on the planet, but we also have to meet the needs of those wanting to improve their diets as they become more economically advanced. On top of that we have to address the one billion people FAO tells us are receiving less food than is required to sustain themselves. That figure has not been diminishing, but increasing in recent years.

You may not believe that growing livestock and fish for protein is the way forward however, growing and consuming cereals and crops has not proven to be the complete answer either. Livestock and fish have many advantages in the production of protein for human consumption over grains and cereals (which we cannot go into here) and we should give this industry a chance to prove itself as it offers huge utilization and conversion efficiencies yet to be fully realized.

Unless we measure where we are we cannot set meaningful ‘benchmarks’ for ourselves or our industry for the future.

Alltech’s figures are the first comprehensive figures the industry has on just how much compounded feed is being produced and used. Based on these figures and our current world population, I put it to you that each country must set an annual benchmark that sees every citizen having access to food that is based on 133.6kg/head of scientifically-formulated compound feed.

After all, that’s the world average and every country should be striving to be equal to or rise above the average in terms of supplying safe and affordable food to its people.

Enhanced by Zemanta

Alapala – new mill project completed in Sudan

Alapala machinery installed in Sudan

Alapala machinery installed in Sudan

Çorum, Turkey – Alapala has wrapped up recently on the new mill which is located in Sudan.

El-Hamama Flour Mills, the owners Ahmed Eltigani A. Musa, Mohammed Yousif Musa has contracted Alapala to supply plant machinery and technology for their new 700 ton per 24 hour flour mill. Being one of the largest single mill in the Sudan under this contract the plant to be supplied by Alapala.

Designing of concrete building
Designing the diagram of the milling section, engineering the design of the flour-milling plant, assembly and start-up

The flour mill is completely automated, minimizing the quantity of the staff.

Commenting on the project, Bora Gökdeniz, Alapala’s sales director said: “Our brief was to build not only one of the most modern mill in Sudan but also one of the most flexible.”

The flour-milling plant completely renewed and modernized by Alapala Machine Industry & Trade Inc. with the new generation milling equipment. The plant has now been operating and is able to deliver a continuous supply of top quality flour for the Sudan market.

Alapala machinery installed in Sudan

Alapala machinery installed in Sudan

Staff from the International Milling Directory were at a recent deal by Alapala and another miller in Sudan to cover the story, press cutting from GFMT magazine attached below.

GFMT covering the deal, at the very time in April 2013

GFMT covering the deal, at the very time in April 2013

IAOM MEA 2013 – Announcing South Africa in 2014

The International Millling Directory was honoured to be a part of the media partner coverage at IAOM MEA 2013. The conference’s first two days were covered right here on the blog, and now colleagues from Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine will be reviewing and forming features about the event itself. The IAOM MEA 2013 leadership delegation held last minute meetings during the current IAOM conference in Tunisia. Talking to senior IAOM staff, the change from Rwanda to Cape Town, South Africa was the wish of members. Sheena Astete, said to the International Milling Directory,
“We have listened carefully to our members, and all agreed the best ever exhibition
was in Cape Town in 2010, it has the infrastructure and experience to deal with all our delegates”

IAOM MEA 2013 leadership team photo in Sousse, Tunisia

At the closing speeches started with Mr. Damon Sidles, Vice President of IAOM (USA) , followed by Mr. Kamel Belhiria, CEO, La Rose Blanche Group (Tunisia) who announced that the IAOM MEA 2014 venue will be in Cape Town, South Africa. The flag handing over ceremony took place at 13:30-13:35 and the team photo below with Mr. Merzad Jamshidi in front of the conference stage shows the event closed with real success for all delegates.

Look out for the coverage, review and content in the next Grain & Feed Milling Technology issue – November/December 2013. Free online in English and Spanish next month!
We at the International Millling Directory are excited and very hopeful for IAOM MEA 2014’s meeting and hope to cover the event again.
Enhanced by Zemanta

Introducing:- Kay International Ltd.

Kay International Ltd.

Kay International Ltd.

 

Kay International Ltd. have registered for the International Milling Directory. The 23rd edition is set to be a memorable edition with new companies such as Kay International Ltd joining up. I’m sure we’ll all be interested to find out more from this company. The International Milling Directory synopsis online states their raison d’etre to be manufacturing and exporting positive displacement rotary lobe blowers from India.

 

Their website is interesting and features a good quotation for all of us in the milling industry to remember, such as,

‘In an industry full of competition, the ultimate winner will be the one who maintains the quality and not the price.’

– Kapil Arora, Director, Kay International.

Their entry on the International Milling Directory Online has just been approved – check it out HERE!

Don’t forget – register or update your listing in time for the July publication of the 23rd edition of the International Milling Directory 2013/14 –  click here!

Alltech – Worldwide search to find the next extraordinary minds in science

The International Milling Directory‘s member Alltech will gather thousands of research papers from brilliant young thinkers around the world throughout 2013 to select the next winners of the Alltech Young Scientist Awards.

Registration has opened for undergraduate and graduate students interested in submitting experimental research or scientific review papers for the 2013-2014 competition. Regional winners will receive cash prizes, and eight finalists will be invited to compete for top honours during Alltech’s 30th International Symposium in 2014. The winning graduate and undergraduate students will receive a $10,000 scholarship and a $5,000 scholarship respectively.

Scientific papers submitted may cover topics including veterinary science, animal nutrition, feed technology, sustainability, agricultural management, marketing, environmental science and economics. Papers will be judged by a panel of industry professionals. Registration and paper submission is available online and will close Dec. 31, 2013.

“For Alltech, what could be more important that rewarding young people who are driven by science?” said Dr. Pearse Lyons, president and founder of Alltech. “Every year, more and more students send us their research with hopes of standing out in a crowd of candidates representing countries from around the world. Alltech is proud to provide an avenue for future leaders in diverse fields of science to compete at the highest level.”

Regional winners for the 2012-2013 competition will be announced in March. The 2012-2013 regional finalists will travel to Lexington, Kentucky, USA to compete in the final during the 29th International Symposium, May 19-22, 2013.

“The students who are successful in this wide-reaching competition will address the world’s impending agricultural puzzles with solutions founded on science,” said Dr. Inge Russell, director of the Alltech Young Scientist Competition. “Our Young Scientists are in a class above the rest – their research sheds light on how science steers our world to a better future.”

Alltech received nearly 8,000 registrations for the international competition in 2012, with the goal of increasing registrants by 50 percent in 2013. For more information about the Alltech Young Scientist Awards, visit www.alltech.com/education/alltech-young-scientist/about.

 

Alltech

Alltech

About Alltech:

Founded in 1980 by Dr. Pearse Lyons, Alltech improves the health and performance of animals, plants and people through nutrition and scientific innovation. With more than 3,000 employees in 128 countries, the company has developed a strong regional presence in Europe, North America, Latin America, the Middle-East, Africa and Asia. For further information, visit www.alltech.com.

Aside to the above, 2013/14’s edition of the International Milling Directory is taking shape – register or update your company now at www.internationalmilling.com!

International Milling Directory @ IPPE

The Perendale Publishers International Milling Directory team are in Atlanta, USA this week for the IPPE show. On Sunday the team set up the stand as the site was already a hive of activity with people keen to see the latest food and feed developments.

Day 1 got off to a good start and the stand is looking marvellous. One of the first visitors was Carlos Cesar Pavesa, director and CEO, Engormix (pictured below with Perendale’s Roger Gilbert).

If you’re at the show come and visit us on booth 1700 in Hall A2. More information about the International Milling Directory is available at www.internationalmilling.com

We were visited early on the opening day of IPPE (our stand 1700) by Carlos Carlos Cesar Pavesa, director and CEO of Engormix, the Latin American online news service for the feed industry.

Roger (Perendale Publishers, Stand 1700 in Hall A2) is visited early on the opening day of IPPE  by Carlos Carlos Cesar Pavesa, director and CEO of Engormix – the Latin American online news service for the feed industry.

Introducing Parantez

We welcome a recent addition to the International Milling Directory – Parantez. The International Milling Directory has been aiming to re-register this company for the new edition and we are glad to broaden the relationship between us and the IDMA show in Turkey. The International Milling Directory does feature IDMA in the inside front cover of the 2012/13 edition. If this is a reminder, we hope to see you at IDMA, Instanbul Expo Center on 4-7 April 2013! Some background information is written below.

The exhibition Company PARANTEZ, founded in 2000 in Turkey, is committed to providing professional services in the sector of exhibitions, conferences, publishing and tourism.

IDMA

IDMA

In order to announce the latest developments and changes in the milling sector, The Parantez Group developed an exposition project, held their first meeting in 2005 “International Flour, Semolina, Rice, Corn, Bulghur, Feed Milling Machinery & Pulse, Pasta, Biscuit Technologies Exhibition” in Istanbul.

Today the exhibition is well-known as IDMA and is one of the most important platform for location of meetings, negotiations, exchange of opinions and suggestions of the best representatives of the sector. Participation in the exhibition allows to establish new business contacts, get information about the market and new technologies, to explore business competitors, to provide new products and develop a pricing policy.

The company constantly improves the quality of services and efficiency of the organization, makes every effort to attract more association members and partners. The company always strives to apply best practices and methods of the world.

Find the new Parantez fair listing online at: https://www.internationalmilling.com/company_3371.html.